Financing British Companies: evolution or revolution?

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Sir Howard Davies, Chairman of the Royal Bank of Scotland, sets out his thoughts on the financing of British Companies at UWE Bristol’s Exhibition and Conference Centre, on Wednesday 9 March 2016.

RBS remains the largest provider of finance for British companies, though it is smaller than it was before the crisis and bailout. But how is the financing landscape for British companies changing? New ‘challenger banks’ have come on the scene, together with a range of new types of provider – peer to peer tenders, crowd funding etc.

The University welcomes Sir Howard to the Bristol Distinguished Address Series,to discuss how firms should try to navigate through this more complex marketplace.

Series organiser, UWE Bristol’s Professor Nicholas O’Regan says, “We’re delighted to welcome Sir Howard Davies to our 2016 Bristol Distinguished Address Series. These lectures have become a popular event for the Bristol business community, with the opportunity to network and hear directly from inspirational figures in industry with a wealth of strategic experience and leadership skills at the highest level.”

Sir Howard Davies was appointed Chairman of the Royal Bank of Scotland on 1 September 2015. Previous to this, Howard was Chairman of the Phoenix Group between October 2012 and August 2015. He recently chaired the UK Airports Commission and was the Director of the London School of Economics and Political Science from 2003 until May 2011. Prior to this appointment Howard chaired the UK Financial Services Authority from 1997 to 2003.

Previously, Howard was Deputy Governor of the Bank of England, after three years as the Director General of the Confederation of British Industry. Earlier in his career he worked in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, the Treasury, McKinsey and Co, and as Controller of the Audit Commission.

Howard is a Professor of Practice at the French School of Political Science in Paris (Sciences Po).

Howard also chairs the Risk Committee at Prudential PLC, whose board he joined in 2010. He is a member of the Regulatory and Compliance Advisory Board of Millennium Management LLC, a New York-based hedge fund. He has been a member of the International Advisory Council of the China Banking Regulatory Commission since 2003 and in 2012, was appointed Chairman of the International Advisory Council of the China Securities Regulatory Commission. Previously Howard was an independent Director of Morgan Stanley Inc.

Howard has published five books focused on the financial markets and regularly writes for The Financial Times, Times Higher Education, Project Syndicate and Management Today.

The Bristol Distinguished Address Series is delivered by the Bristol Business School in partnership with ACCA,Bristol City Council, Bristol Junior Chamber, Bristol Post, Business West, CBI, CMI, FSB, IoD,ICAEW and the West of England LEP.

Discuss this event on Twitter using the hashtag #BristolLectures.

Reaching out to help businesses flourish: Crowdfunding agency nets £85,000 in donations

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Launching a successful business while at university could be considered an incredible achievement in itself. But three students from the University of the West of England (UWE Bristol) have gone one better – by forming a start-up which has helped two other fledgling companies take off.

Their company CrowdReach, which helps entrepreneurs raise capital through crowdfunding, has attracted more than £85,000 in donations since it was established just over a year ago.

The agency has helped two tech companies in Bristol – a 3D printing business and a virtual reality start-up – eclipse their fundraising targets and has now set its sights on giving more firms a funding boost.

It was created by undergraduates Rob Wilson, Bradley Green and Will Dooley – all students on UWE Bristol’s pioneering Team Entrepreneurship degree programme. Working alongside creators of innovative products, CrowdReach plans, creates, markets and manages crowdfunding campaigns – helping clients reach their target audience and convert interested individuals into backers.

Crowdfunding is an increasingly popular method of attracting funding, with Kickstarter and Indiegogo the most widely-used platforms. But the alarming failure rate (two out of every three Kickstarter campaigns end unsuccessfully) was viewed as a huge opportunity by the trio.

Rob, 21, said, “The problem with crowdfunding is the failure rate – on most platforms, if you don’t reach the target you don’t get the funding. Many campaigners fail to appreciate the time and resources that go into launching a successful campaign.”

Crowdreach helped earn £64,000 for its first client OmniDynamics and, more recently, £22,000 for VRGO. Its focus is on reward-based crowdfunding, offering donors a tangible “pay off” for their generosity if a target is reached.

Its opening campaign was a runaway success, with the £20,000 target from OmniDynamics being surpassed within 11 hours. The campaign helped raise enough money to launch 3D printer accessory Strooder, aimed at bringing down the cost of 3D printing by allowing people to create their own 3D printing ink from scraps of waste plastic.

VRGO was seeking £20,000 to launch a virtual reality chair, allowing users to control movement in the virtual world. Within 24 hours, 70 per cent of the target was reached and by the end of the campaign in December the total had been exceeded.

Final year student Rob is confident the company can build on its successes in 2016. He said, “We have a strong team and a clear strategy for the next 12 months. So far we have made a positive start to the year, with a couple of projects already in the pipeline.”

He and fellow students on the Team Entrepreneurship degree are actively encouraged to start their own innovative businesses. An alternative to traditional degrees, the programme – which launched in 2013 and is only one of a handful of degrees of its type in the UK – is targeted at aspiring entrepreneurs looking to learn about setting up and running a business in teams.

The programme’s undergraduates – known as Team Entrepreneurs – develop skills in everything from event and budget management to marketing, PR and graphic design.

Of the course, Rob said, “Time management has been the biggest thing we’ve learnt since starting the degree. The structure and flexibility of the course means that we are able to dedicate the majority of our time to the business and find time in the evenings and at weekends to complete our assignments.”

CrowdReach was selected for the NatWest-backed accelerator programme Entrepreneurial Spark. The programme takes in promising start-ups, offering them free office space and business advice to help them realise their ambitions. The company progressed to the next round of the programme earlier this year, benefiting from mentoring and a base in Bristol’s Temple Quay for an additional 12 months after an initial six-month placement.

Joe Ryan, owner of VRGO, was impressed with how CrowdReach managed its virtual reality chair campaign.

He said: “Launching a Kickstarter campaign requires a combination of planning and reactive decisions. The CrowdReach team were able to perform both these tasks under intense pressure and delivered an excellent result.”

Young entrepreneur aiming to save universities millions by halving drop out rate

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They are a costly problem for universities, accounting for hundreds of thousands of pounds in lost tuition fees every year. But an enterprising student from the University of the West of England (UWE Bristol) believes he has the solution to undergraduate drop outs.

Jamie Rawsthorne, 21, has devised a system which can help universities retain more students – by identifying those most at risk of quitting their studies.

Some 7.1 per cent of first year students dropped out in 2012-13, with course dissatisfaction and financial problems among the most common reasons for new entrants leaving.

But third year student Jamie reckons he has the answer – using historic data to predict which students are most likely to abandon their courses, then providing tailored personal support to help them stay. His start-up Unique Insights is offering universities across the UK the chance to trial the sophisticated analytical software from September. At least five universities have expressed an interest in using system in the 2016-17 academic year.

Unique Insights has launched at a time when retaining students is arguably more important than ever, with the recent increase in tuition fees to £9,000 a year making drop outs far more costly for both higher education institutions and students.

The inspiration for the business emerged during a chance meeting with UWE Bristol’s Vice-Chancellor Steve West, who revealed that student retention was one of the biggest challenges facing UK universities.

Jamie, a student on the pioneering Team Entrepreneurship degree programme, said: “When I met Steve West, I knew he was an influential man and just said to him ‘What’s the biggest problem facing universities?’. With fees being paid by the student and universities’ balance sheets more dependent on student income, it’s never been more important to retain students.

“We’ve looked at universities’ historic data and at the characteristics of students – whether their chosen university was their first choice, how far they have travelled from home to go to university, which campus they are studying at, and so on. Our tool knows how influential these factors are and can give a clear prediction on the likelihood of that individual dropping out.”

Some of the most cited reasons for students dropping out are problems integrating socially, poor grades, financial issues and a lack of a relationship with the university.

Once predictive analytics have been used to highlight students most at risk of quitting, the universities will engage with those undergraduates to resolve problems or allay concerns.

If, for example, 300 students were identified as being ‘at risk’, Jamie believes his system could prevent half dropping out.

Jamie said: “Research shows that as little as 20 per cent of students who experience doubts at universities actively seek support from their university student support services. We are trying to bridge that gap and equip universities to go to them.”

Jamie’s promising business has flourished with support received on the Team Entrepreneurship course, one of a only a handful of its type in the UK dedicated to giving undergraduates a platform to start their own companies.

About 60 students a year join the ground-breaking BA (Hons) business course which was established in 2013. It was inspired by successful methods pioneered in Finland and tested in Spain and Hungary.

Each student has a tailored programme to equip them with entrepreneurial and teamwork skills ready to launch their own business or become effective team players within dynamic and changing organisations.

Jamie, who formed Unique Insights with fellow Team Entrepreneurship student George Sanderson, said he was suited to the course because he has an entrepreneurial spirit.

He said: “I was selling tickets in college and sweets in school, so I’ve always had that spirit.

“I originally wasn’t going to go to university – I told my mum and dad it wasn’t any good for entrepreneurs. When I discovered this course, my mum was really happy because she knew I was way less likely to drop out of it than if I was on a traditional degree.

“I would recommend it to those who want to jump into the unknown – but you have to have the right mindset. It’s about ‘getting out what you put in’ more than any other degree.”

Jamie is based at the MassChallenge UK accelerator programme in London, a hub for the most promising start-ups in the country who benefit from advice from world-class business mentors. From an original 2,000 applicants, Unique Insights has progressed to a final group of 26 start ups battling for a £500,000 prize.

Last year, Jamie was highly commended in the Institute of Directors‘ Student of the Year prize. The award recognises students who have implemented brilliant and innovative projects that have created tangible value for a particular audience.